Eutrophication and Harmful Algal Blooms

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Credits:

  • 6 ECTS

Topics:

  • The eutrophication process: Causes and consequences of eutrophication in marine ecosystems. Relevant environmental eutrophication. Monitoring and estimating eutrophication.
  • Anthropogenic impact and remediation measures. Socio-economic impact of eutrophication.
  • List of potentially harmful microorganisms, toxicology and examples of occurrences in the marine environment.
  • Inter-action between environmental and anthropogenic factors that trigger “blooms”.

Teachers:

  • Alice Newton
  • Ana Barbosa

Isotopic Tracers of Marine Processes

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Credits:

  • 3 ECTS

Topics:

  • Isotopic chemistry: Principles, terminology, and analytical instruments.
  • Applications to physical oceanography: Water mixing and pathways, oceanic ventilation and ocean circulation.
  • Applications to chemical oceanography: Water mass characterization, submarine ground water discharges, and pollution sources.
  • Applications to geological oceanography: particle scavenging and transport, sedimentation rate, paleotemperatures and sea level.
  • Applications to biological oceanography: Primary productivity, trophic network and matter source.

Teachers:

  • Cristina Veiga-Pires
  • Tomasz Boski

Coastal and Marine Hazards

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Credits:

  • 6 ECTS

Topics:

  • Concepts of hazard, vulnerability, susceptibility, exposure, risk and resilience.
  • Characterization of marine and coastal natural hazards: tsunamis, mass movements, turbidity currents, coastal erosion, coastal flooding. Processes involved and associated temporal and spatial scales.
  • Warning systems, monitoring systems and associated forecasting models.
  • Cartography and representation of marine and coastal hazards and associated risks.

Teachers

  • Óscar Ferreira
  • Joaquim Luís

Records and Measures of Environmental Changes

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Credits:

  • 6 ECTS

Topics:

  • Definitions, datum concepts, and proxies of sea level. Causes for seawater volume and mass change at ocean basins. Regional records and trends of sea level for several timescales. Present trends of the sea level.
  • Interpretation of environmental change in sedimentary records. Geochemical sedimentary record of environmental changes.
  • Environmental changes during the last 20,000 years. Application of sedimentation models.

Teachers:

  • Tomasz Boski

Basin Analysis

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Credits:

  • 6 ECTS

Topics:

  • Principles of stratigraphy and stratigraphic units.
  • Sedimentary facies and depositional environments.
  • The Petroleum System: Source rocks, the reservoir and the trap.
  • Basin Analysis: Basins due to lithospheric stretching, Basins due to flexure, Basins associated with strike-slip deformation. Examples of sedimentary basins.

Teachers:

  • Paulo Fernandes

Dissertation Plan – Seminar

Credits:

  • 3 ECTS

Topics:

  • Individually develop a thesis plan addressing a scientific subject pertinent to Marine Science.