Environmental systems and resources

Environmental systems and resources

  • Climate change

CIMA contributes to the knowledge of climatic variability through the interpretation of sedimentary archives (lagoon, wind, coastal, estuarine, marine).

We evaluate the effect of global warming in different environments (oceans, coasts, karstic environments, and microbial trophic networks).

We model the sedimentary readjustment of lagoon and estuarine areas in face of rising sea levels and assess the impacts of environmental changes on coastal communities.

  • Ecotoxicology of deep sea areas

CIMA has a reference laboratory in ecotoxicology of hydrothermal vents and assesses the potential ecotoxicological risks associated to deep sea mining.

We conduct simulation experiments on toxic compounds in the laboratory and in the deep sea under high pressure and low temperature conditions.

  • Environmental quality and remediation

CIMA studies the effect of drugs on key marine organisms and their consequences for human health along with the environmental risk associated to traditional (e.g., pesticides, metals) and emerging (microplastics, nanoparticles) hazardous substances in aquatic ecosystems.

We investigate the use of primary producers (e.g., green macroalgae) as bioremediators to reduce inorganic nutrient load in effluents from the food industry (e.g. aquaculture).

We analyze the chemical and microbiological quality of fishery and aquaculture products, along with their respective industrially processed goods.

  • Energy and resources

CIMA develops research about the feasibility of integrated and sustainable biorefineries using marine biological resources and industrial waste.

We also develop methods and tools that allow the quantification of marine energy resources and study the effects of energy extraction in marine ecosystems using real-scale prototypes.